Nenets


Nenets
   Ethnic group. The Nenets are an indigenous Uralic people of Russia’s Far North. According to the most recent census, they number fewer than 50,000 and reside mostly in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Nenetsiya), the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Yamaliya), and the Dolgan-Nenets Municipal District (Taymyriya). Previously known as the Samoyed, a corruption of the plural of Saami that translates in Russia as “self-eater” or “cannibal,” the Nenets were distinguished from other northern Uralic peoples during the early 20th century. The Nenets are divided between the Tundra Nenets and the Forest Nenets (Khandeyar), both of whom possess their own dialect, though the literary version of Nenets is based on the former. Nenets is a member of the Samoyedic branch of the Uralic language family, which also includes the Finnic and Ugric languages. Slightly more than half of ethnic Nenets are fluent in their native language.
   During the 1920s and 1930s, the Nenets were subjected to a collectivization campaign by the Soviets that brought traditional reindeer herding under state control. The establishment of permanent “cultural bases” for the seminomadic Nenets led to sedentarization and some level of Russification. The Soviets also continued the tsarist campaign to eradicate indigenous animist practices, as well as outlawing Russian Orthodox ceremonies among the Nenets. Cultural imperialism, including the forced adoption of Nenets children by the state, led to a series of uprisings in the 1950s.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Nenets — may refer to: Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia Yamalo Nenets Autonomous Okrug, a federal subject of Russia Nenets people, a Samoyedic people Nenets languages, a small language family of two closely related Samoyedic languages… …   Wikipedia

  • Nenets — Nenets, Circundación Autónoma de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nenets — /nen ets/, n., pl. Nentsi, Nentsy /nent see/, (esp. collectively) Nenets. 1. a member of a reindeer herding Uralic people of far northern European Russia and adjacent areas of Siberia as far as the Yenisei River delta. 2. the Samoyedic language… …   Universalium

  • Nenets — Nénètses Nénètses Enfant nénètse Populations significatives par régions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nénets —    Tétons. dans l’argot des enfants et des filles.        Tiens, vois mes nénets, comme ils sont engraissés.    H. MONNIER.        Petite maman s’est fait des nénets avec du coton.    GAVARNI …   Dictionnaire Érotique moderne

  • Nenets — [ nɛnɛts] noun (plural same or Nentsy or Nentsi) 1》 a member of a nomadic people of Siberia. 2》 the Samoyedic language of the Nenets. Origin the name in Russ …   English new terms dictionary

  • Nenets — noun a) a member of a people who live in the extreme northwest of Russia; the Samoyed. b) the Samoyedic language spoken by these people …   Wiktionary

  • Nenets — ISO 639 3 Code : yrk ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Nenets — noun a Uralic language spoken by a Samoyed of northern Siberia • Syn: ↑Nentsi, ↑Nentsy, ↑Yurak Samoyed • Hypernyms: ↑Samoyedic, ↑Samoyed …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nenets people — Nenets Nenets family in their tent. Total population 42,000 Regions with significant populations Russia Languages …   Wikipedia